A health and safety Risk Assessment and Method Statement, or RAMS for short, are the two main documents which identify all of the health and safety risks within a business and then outline the measures needed to reduce those risks to an acceptable level to complete a job safely.

The risk assessment identifies and then rates risk with consideration to severity of harm and likelihood of occurrence before setting out control measures which must be implemented to reduce that risk.

The method statement then expands on the risk assessment by providing a step-by-step detailed guide for employees, contractors and others to follow ensuring the control measures identified are implemented safely for a specific task.